Genitive Case Plural: 17. endobj %PDF-1.7 % Nouns in the Instrumental Case … Intermediate Russian, like its sister volume, Basic Russian, is ideal for both independent study and use in class. All consonants, … С ва́ми всё в поря́дке? Practice the pronouns and all today’s words and phrases with the audio track. Each Russian case has its own purpose and answers a particular set of questions. Instrumental case in Russian language can be understood with the equivalent meaning in English - “with” or “by”. Your email address will not be published. Russian has six cases, and the case of a word is denoted by suffixes (word endings) that tell you the context of the word. Here is how they change in the Instrumental: я – мной (I) ты – тобо́й (you singular and informal) он – им / ним (he) она – е́ю / ей / не́й* / не́ю* (she) оно – им / ним* (it) мы – на́ми (we) вы – ва́ми (you plural and formal) Subscribe and receive tips and advices to help you in your studies of different areas of Russian language. For example: Я пишу ручкой = I write with a pen. I like coffee with milk. Тобой – You. Instrumental. Instrumental case: the action is done with the noun in the instrumental case. The instrumental case is used to describe a noun as an instrument. Uses of the Instrumental Case. Russian course for beginners. I’m not guilty of anything toward you. Между обедом и ужином выпей чай. Иван с Анной идут в кафе. The instrument can be a person, thing or any other object.. Introduction The Instrumental case is used after the preposition с - "together with". Instrumental Case: Personal Pronouns | Learn Russian in Russia| learning russian language| Russian in Russia. Demonstrative pronouns in the Instrumental. Instrumental Case: Personal Pronouns | Learn Russian in Russia| learning russian language| Russian in Russia "ручк ой ". The cases are discussed with reference to: A. Instrumental Case: Personal Pronouns | Learn Russian in Russia| learning russian language| Russian in Russia In this section, you can find different materials devoted to Russian grammar rules. The Russian word for ‘without’ is ‘без’. Мы с женой идём в кафе - My wife and I are going to the cafe. However, the third person possessives are formally invariable and identical to the genitive form of the third person personal pronouns. Notice that the words 'a', 'to', 'with', etc, are omitted in Russian and instead controlled by grammatical endings. If you feel you need a break from grammar concepts, now might be a good time to visit the vocabulary section of this site and try memorising a few Russian words. D. Prepositions governing the cases (including the so-called adverbial and verbal prepositions). If you need extra help, each activity has links to grammar tables. Special constructions. But after this lesson you will be able to recognise and form all six Russian cases, so we can start concentrating on more practical Russian such as vocabulary and using verbs. Instrumental case: the action is done with the noun in the instrumental case. They refer to definite but not specific actions and features of objects. Expand your vocabulary by learning the most used words first. Иван пишет карандашом - Ivan writes with a pencil. He studies with us. Russian Prepositions taking the Accusative Case. “с” is normally pronounced as though it is part of the next word. Once you have learnt it, you will notice a significant improvement in your Russian. Learn the following phrases for special events in Russia. Changing a season to the instrumental case gives it the meaning of ‘in’. RUSSIAN CASES. Иван с женой идут в кафе. Нами – Us. Please give me coffee with milk and sugar. Instrumental (as an instrument or tool): собой; Prepositional (about himself or herself): (o) себе; In “Case” We Have to Get Personal: How to Use Russian Pronouns. Олег режет мясо ножом - Oleg cuts the meat with a knife. 3. To indicate an instrument to carry out the action. The words сам (oneself), весь (all), всякий (every), каждый (each/every), иной (other), другой (another), любой (any) are Russian determinative pronouns. For ease of pronunciation, when “с” it is followed by two or more consonants, it is often written as “со”. Continue reading. Have a look at the following Russian examples. The New Penguin Russian Course: A Complete Course for Beginners, Russian-English Bilingual Visual Dictionary, Russian Learners' Dictionary: 10,000 Russian Words in Frequency Order. In this sentence the noun МОЛОКО (milk) is put in the form of the Instrumental case С МОЛОКОМ (with milk) as it expresses the quality of the object КОФЕ. Start the quiz One of the reasons that cases are so important in the Russian language is the flexibility of the Russian sentence word order. 3. Today we will have a look at the personal pronouns in the Instrumental case. 'With', as in 'accompanied with' ('He built it with her') is conveyed by c(o) followed by the instrumental case ('with her' is c + inst.). Russian Instrumental Case (With, By) In Russian, the instrumental case is used to indicate how something is done. tells "how", "with what" or "with who". Чем? In English this is normally done using the words “using” or “with”. Everything is good in its season, and if you are reading this page now it is definitely the right time for you to become an expert in Russian language cases. So the instrumental case is so called because it denotes the instrument by which some task is carried out, and this is its primary meaning. In Russian the words that express the presence of the quality of an object are used in the Instrumental case: Девушка с голубыми глазами (The lady with blue eyes). For example: The same principal applies to parts of the day: Вечером я ем борщ со сметаной - In the evening I eat borsh with sour cream. Он у́чится вме́сте с на́ми. Russian Instrumental case applies to the instrument with the help of which an action is performed.. Your email address will not be published. they also decline. Here are a couple of examples from lesson 4: Дайте, пожалуйста, кофе с молоком - Please give me coffee with milk. These are just several examples when to use the Instrumental case in Russian. Antonia Romaker - English and Russian … Forming the Russian Instrumental Case Masculine Nouns: 1. Я ем суп ложкой - I eat soup with a spoon. In the evening I eat borsh with sour cream. Study Russian grammar. In the next lessons we will start to introduce more vocabulary and help you improve your sentence forming skills in Russian. 1) Instrumental Case is Used to Designate an Instrument that is Used to Carry out the Action. However when it is used in the past and future tense with nouns, the following noun is usually in the instrumental case. It can also be used to talk about something that you are interested in. Russian grammar: Instrumental case, Russian possessive pronouns 7+ In the previous lesson we’ve covered the Russian personal pronouns in the Instrumental case . Instrumental Case in Russian Prepositional Case in Russian Adjectives in Russian language Personal Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Russian Genitive words. After the table you will find some explanatory notes. These pronouns are called possessive. In English we commonly use the words "by" or "with" to do this. In the course of the last two lessons we have learned how to form the Instrumental case with Russian nouns. Russian grammar. Below, you can also find grammatical tables and the list of grammar exercises available on our website. I wanted to start an invaluable list. However, the instrumental is also associated with the sense of accompaniment in many languages and Russian is one of them. У меня́ с ни́ми хоро́шие отноше́ния. In English, Instrumental case can be indicated as prepositions "by", "with", "by means of".Example: As sentences can be put together in so many ways, cases help distinguish the sentence's subject from its object. Им – Him. have a variety of meanings.Some govern more than one case… Decoding the 6 Russian Cases: A Beginner’s Guide - Live Fluent By which means?) Here are the Russian pronouns in the instrumental case. Here is how they change in the Instrumental case: Remember: use the pronouns that start with Н- after prepositions. While most sites prefer to categorize the pronouns according to the person and list them by case, I prefer to accumulate all the pronouns within a case. Russian Language Lessons Russian Language Learning Dative Case Regular Expression Nouns And Adjectives Learn Russian Grammar Rules Cheat Sheets … The instrumental case is used to express the concept of “by means of”. We are proud of him. Another way to think about it is that it represents the ‘instrument’ that was used to carry out the action. Although you will get plenty more practice. Prepositions Governing the Instrumental Case: The basic function of the instrumental is to indicate the means by which an action is carried out. - The lamp is above the table. Remember that some of these prepositions may have different meanings if they are followed by a different case. Upper-Intermediate Russian. It can also be used to denote the manner in which something is done ('He built it with ease'). The following verbs are used commonly used with the instrumental case. However it is followed by the genitive case.2. The Uses of the Cases The Prepositional Case The Prepositional Denoting the Place of an Action . "ручк а " into the Instrumental (Instr.) From this point you will find that you are able to learn grammar more naturally by looking at sample Russian sentences and texts. I hope nothing happened to her. Fortunately in Russian, forming the past tense is actually quite simple. Thus, a word in the instrumental case can be translated by … - Between lunch and dinner drink tea. So, when you use a verb in Russian, any verb, and you're not sure which case comes after it, use this chart Credits at the bottom Russian-English Bilingual Visual Dictionary - A visual dictionary with lots of illustrated examples. After certain prepositions: за - behind между - betwee… Anna and her husband are going to the cafe. The instrumental case is used to illustrate the concepts of 'with' and 'by means of'. It is recommended to learn a few words every day to quickly grow … Part of Learn Russian 101 - free websites to learn Russian, Learn Russian 101 network - Learn Russian online and for free, 048. This case indicates which instrument is used to do or make something, or with whom/with the help of what an action is completed. Basic function. Unfortunately it is hard to learn Russian … The instrumental case is also used after the following prepositions. Remember that these pronouns are very often follow the preposition “с”. Вами – You (plural) Ими – Them. The preposition “с” means “with” when used with the instrumental case. (Example: Я был врачом - I was a doctor). In front of this school turn to the left. (With whom? - Under the table the cat is sitting. Today we will have a look at the personal pronouns in the Instrumental case. We are going to discuss them in the following article. Declension in Russian is grammatical system which include six cases such as nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, and preposition. Pronouns – Instrumental Case: Мной – Me. Над столом висит лампа. За+Acc can also mean "for", the antonym of "against (something)".. Под+Acc has three minor uses aside from indicating direction 'under'. Иван хочет чай с молоком - Ivan wants tea with milk. http://promos.italki.com/ru-land-lc/ Follow the link to take part in italki Language Challenge 2015 - get advantages from our partner italki! I have good relations with them. It expresses the concept of “to be accompanied by” or “together with”. While most sites prefer to categorize the pronouns according to the person and list them by case, I prefer to accumulate all the pronouns within a case. The case system is one of the major differences from Russian to English, so congratulations, you have reached an important milestone in your learning! This is what the instrumental alone signifies, usually corresponding to the English prepositions with or by. The articles of this section are grouped by parts of speech: noun, adjective, pronoun, numeral and verb. Dear Жанна, thank you for this intensive review of Russian cases where the idea was to focus on singular and plural aspects of nouns in the different cases. Curious how? In a Passive voice construction, to indicate the author of the action. Russian grammar tables: declension of nouns, adjectives, pronouns in the singular and plural. Instrumental case in Russian language can be understood with the equivalent meaning in English - … 1) Instrumental Case is Used to Designate an Instrument that is Used to Carry out the Action. Дайте, пожалуйста, кофе с молоком и с сахаром - Please give me coffee with milk and sugar. Я пе́ред тобо́й ни в чём не винова́та. Мы им горди́мся. Prepositional case: indicates the location of the action. English has few cases, favouring grammatical constructions over implicit case endings: compare the sentences, "I like apples" and "apples like me"; the first-person pronoun is 'I' when it's the subject of the verb, but it's 'me' when it's the object of the verb. Им – It. The instrumental case in Russian is an indirect case and answers the questions кем/чем (kyem/chem)—with whom/with what. За этим зданием - школа. Today let's learn how to say in Russian 'my', 'your' and so on. - Ivan and his wife are going to the cafe. The instrumental case is used after such prepositions as за (behind), между (between), над (over), перед (in front of), под (under), c (with). There are 186 Russian possessive pronouns.. That’s a LOT to remember. It is a good idea to also practice saying them with the “с” sound at the start. 2. Refer to Lesson 14 - Instrumental Case for more detailed information. The Instrumental Case (Instr.) Try to use them in sentences, it will help you remember. The Big Silver Book of Russian Verbs - A great reference book of conjugated Russian verbs. When giving questions, we use interrogative pronouns to ask: Кто ‘who’, Что ‘what’, Чей ‘whose’, Какой ‘which’, Который ‘that (pronoun used to indicate a specific person or thing)’, and Сколько ‘how many’. наком с (to be acquainted with), согласен (to agree with), дружен с (to have I/me You (singular) He/him/it She/her We/us You (plural+formal) They/them; Nominative: я : ты: он/оно: она: мы: вы: они: Genitive: меня: тебя: его: её: нас: вас: их: Dative: мне: тебе: ему: ей: на Russian Learners' Dictionary: 10,000 Russian Words in Frequency Order - A simple but powerful concept. They are: My and mine: мой - masculine моя́ - feminine моё - neuter мои́ - plural Your and yours (singular and informal): твой - … In Russian they depend on the gender and number of the subject you are talking about. Instrumental Case (Творительный падеж) Answers the questions кем/чем (kyem/chem) – with whom/with what. I think it is a good course for the review of cases for A1 and A2 level students. - Behind this building there is a school. As you can see, the Instrumental Case is very useful. With what? The offline version of this lesson is available here. You now should be able to recognise how all Russian nouns are declined, perhaps some of the plurals will still be difficult, but it will come with some more practice. - Anna and Ivan are going to the cafe. One of them is interrogative pronouns. The Instrumental case with plural nouns, 050. Prepositional case: indicates the location of the action. - Ivan and Anna are going to the cafe. As mentioned above, Russian possessive pronouns agree in case with nouns, i.e. In English these words can have different meanings, so it’s important to recognise when they are meaning “by means of”. Под столом сидит кот. Instrumental case is the fifth case of Russian language and consists of 5 rules. Надя хочет чай с лимоном - Nadya wants tea with lemon. ‘вместе’ is the Russian word for 'together'. It is used with the following Russian prepositions: с, со - with; за - behind; под - under Russian Instrumental case - functions, forms, творительный падеж в русском - Duration: 14:17. You will learn more about this in a later lesson. Ей – Her. All Russian cases are given with questions. Я ем борщ со сметаной - I eat borsh with sour cream. It answers the questions - Кем? You can read more about Russian cases here) There are several prepositions that follow the instrumental case: c (with), между (between), перед (in front of), за (behind), над (over), and под (under). B. Every tip includes examples of usage of various lexical or grammatical constructions. Ты пойдёшь со мной? As this is a little bit advanced we won’t give examples now, but it is something to keep in mind. Мы с мужем идём в кафе - My husband and I are going to the cafe. If you’re looking for the tables with all the pronouns written down for each case, click below to go to the right section: Анна с Иваном идут в кафе. Russian Instrumental Case (With, By) In Russian, the instrumental case is used to indicate how something is done. Instrumental case (Творительный падеж) The Russian Instrumental case (Творительный падеж) indicates the means by which something is done. The New Penguin Russian Course: A Complete Course for Beginners - Probably the best course in a book. After you mastered the Cyrillic alphabet, move on to the Russian grammar. Is everything ok with you? You may wish to review some of the cases to make sure you can form them. Exceptions: дочь – дочерьми (daughters), ребёнок – детьми (children), человек – людьми (people). Here are some examples. To make a sentence in the Instrumental case, you should know the formulas as you can see below. The sixth and final case is the instrumental case. This lesson concludes the study of the Russian cases. In English we would use the word “and”, but Russian generally uses “с” (with). In Russian, we use the instrumental case to describe company, the means of doing something, or additions. - In front of this school turn to the left. Compare the following phrases to get the idea. In both of these uses, Learn about the Russian Instrumental case with our series “Russian Tip of the Day”. Other possessive pronouns change according to gender, case and number of the noun. On our site, we have covered the most of the basic grammar rules and we keep adding new lessons from time to time. You would use the instrumental in a sentence like "we went there by car". Petrovka 15/13 b5, Moscow +7 495 2-333-888; You should now be able to form each of the Russian cases, and understand the basic uses of each case. If you are finding the Russian grammar difficult, don’t worry, after you learn the past tense you will have learnt most of the basic Russian grammar concepts. Personal Pronouns in the Prepositional . Another interesting language point is how Russians say “Ivan and I”. This case shows which instrument is used to do or make something, or with whom/with the … Another way to think about it is that it represents the ‘instrument’ that was used to carry out the action. This way it can be pronounced as a word on it’s own rather than combined with the following word. In other words, when we talk about the Russian instrumental case, we’re answering two big questions: Кем/с кем (by who/with who) Чем/с чем (by what/with what) - Anna and her husband are going to the cafe. Russian grammar employs an Indo-European inflexional structure, with considerable adaptation.. Russian has a highly inflectional morphology, particularly in nominals (nouns, pronouns, adjectives and numerals). For example: For example: за домом The sixth and final case is the instrumental case. восхищаться- to admire 4. You don't need to learn these verbs now. Russian literary syntax is a combination of a Church Slavonic heritage, a variety of loaned and adopted constructs, and a standardized vernacular foundation. The word "pen" was transformed from the Nominative (Nom.) Instrumental Case: Personal Pronouns | Learn Russian in Russia| learning russian language| Russian in Russia. Remark: Many prepositions (в, за, на, но, etc.) form). C. Verbs governing the cases. – forms of pronouns in different cases RUSSIAN CASES. Required fields are marked *, Learn Russian Step by Step © Copyright 2011-2020 Learn Russian grammar and vocabulary. This topic always confuse me, and causes my wonderful grammar helpers to work hard for me So I decided to make it easier for them and for anyone who studies Russian by making a reference chart. Unfortunately it is hard to learn Russian without first learning about the cases. The offline version of this lesson is available here. Я люблю кофе с молоком. But with some simple tricks you can learn them ALL in around 10 minutes. Welcome to the final lesson about Russian cases. A Comprehensive Russian Grammar - A great reference on Russian grammar. Мы с Иваном идём в школу - Ivan and I are going to school. Verbs which we haven ’ t learnt yet husband are going to the instrumental is also used after preposition. Way it can also find grammatical tables and the list of grammar exercises available our! Something that you are talking about was used to indicate an instrument is. More about Russian cases, and preposition grammar - a great reference on Russian grammar and.. Prepositions are used commonly used with the equivalent meaning in English, “! Possessives are formally invariable and identical to the cafe - Duration: 14:17 after you mastered the Cyrillic,. Of cases for A1 and A2 level students with you ’, ‘ with him ’ учиР».... I ” of which an action is done вместе с ’ means 'together with ' and means... Пишу ручкой = I write with a pencil tricks you can find different materials devoted to Russian grammar words... Preposition “ с ” ( “ we, with Ivan ” ) and sugar ” is also used do., the instrumental case is very useful ’ m not guilty of anything toward you other in... All today ’ s own rather than combined with the equivalent meaning English. According to gender, case and number of the action Russian Course: a Complete Course for -! Вместе ’ is ‘ без ’ grammatical tables and the list of grammar exercises available on our site we. Reference to: a Complete Course for Beginners - Probably the best Course in a Passive voice construction to... Of different areas of Russian language is one of them ’ that used! С женой идём в школу - Ivan wants tea with lemon get advantages from our partner!... Language personal pronouns in the instrumental case commonly used with the “ с ” each of the personal. Distinguish the sentence 's subject from its object just several examples when to use in!: instrumental case ( Instr. by ” are used to do this is that it the... The author of the next lessons we will have a look at the personal pronouns possessive pronouns genitive. Cases help distinguish the sentence 's subject from its object an instrument that is to. Construction, to indicate when two people accompany each other Иваном идём в школу Ivan. Specific actions and features of objects introduce more vocabulary and help you remember of cases for and. Language personal pronouns | learn Russian grammar - instrumental case, russian pronouns Visual Dictionary - a great reference on Russian grammar according! So they commonly have the meaning ‘ with you ’, ‘ with me ’, ‘ with him.... С икрой - I eat soup with a pen below, you can read more about Russian cases here instrumental. Instrument to carry out the action hard to learn grammar more naturally by looking at sample sentences. ‘ без ’ review some of the cases are so important in next. That it represents the ‘ instrument ’ that was used to Designate instrument... The sentence 's subject from its object that cases are so important in instrumental... Prepositional or instrumental cases I love pancakes with caviar in italki language Challenge 2015 - get from... Manner in which something is done ( 'He built it with ease ' ) an! Parts of speech: noun, adjective, pronoun, numeral and verb ``... Ручк а `` into the instrumental case New Penguin Russian Course: a Complete Course for the review of for... Russian the preposition “ с ” illustrated examples a book move on to the left definite but specific...: instrumental case is the fifth case of Russian language and consists of 5 rules and final case is to. Суп ложкой - I love pancakes with caviar be a person, or. Preposition “ с ” с мужем идём в школу - Ivan and are! Detailed information tense with nouns, the instrumental ( Instr. introduce more vocabulary and you... With lots of illustrated examples learn how to form each of the next word way to think about it a... After the table you will notice a significant improvement in your studies of different areas Russian. Give me coffee with milk the sixth and final case is used to illustrate the concepts 'with. Dictionary with lots of illustrated examples singular nouns, Demonstrative pronouns in Russian,! By parts of speech: noun, adjective, pronoun, numeral and verb, was ) has no tense... Of “ to be engaged in, to indicate the author of Russian! Possessives are formally invariable and identical to the cafe adding New lessons from time to time verb... All today ’ s a quite complicated thing, that needs a couple words! The concept of “ by ” or “ together with ” when used with the sense of in. Change according to gender, case and number of the cases are discussed with reference to: a in! Is done ( 'He built it with ease ' ) from its object and Anna are to! This case shows which instrument is used to Designate an instrument to carry the! The sentence 's subject from its object best Course in a Passive voice construction, to be with! Unfortunately it is used in time expressions as well to think about it is a good idea to practice. Be able to learn Russian in Russia in English - “with” or “by” start Н-... “ using ” or “ with ” often Follow the link to take part in italki language Challenge 2015 get! ) indicates the location of the cases the prepositional Denoting the place an... Will help you in your studies of different areas of Russian verbs падеж the! Language can be a person, thing or any other object Ivan wants tea lemon... Wish to review some of the noun in the previous lesson we’ve covered the most used words first different. When two people accompany each other the table you will learn more about this in a sentence the! Manner in which something is done is usually in the previous lesson we’ve covered the most used first. Transformed from the nominative ( Nom. think about it is a Course! Past and future tense with nouns, adjectives and pronouns in the next lessons we learned! Be put together in so many ways, cases help distinguish the sentence 's subject from its object the! Today ’ s a quite complicated thing, that needs a couple of examples from 4! Occupied with '' or `` with who '' Nadya wants tea with lemon talking.. Review of cases for A1 and instrumental case, russian pronouns level students of ' practice saying them with the meaning... не сР» учиР» о́сь singular nouns, the third person personal pronouns | learn Russian have. '' to do this noun, adjective, pronoun, numeral and verb the subject you interested. ’ m not guilty of anything toward you by means of ' pronouns change according to gender, and... Whom/With the help of what an action is carried out Step © Copyright 2011-2020 learn grammar. Give me coffee with milk required fields are marked *, learn Russian Step by ©! ’ means 'together with ' and is followed by a different case something is done ( built... Indicate the presence of an action is performed declension in Russian, forming past! The most of these prepositions with or by the link to take part in italki language Challenge -! Russian cases, and understand the basic grammar rules and we keep adding New lessons from time time... Every Tip includes examples of usage of various lexical or grammatical constructions forming skills in Russian preposition. S own rather than combined with the prepositional or instrumental cases to definite but not specific actions and of! In time expressions as well husband and I are going to discuss them sentences... In Russia - `` together with ” or “ with ” first about... Discuss them in sentences, it will help you in your studies of areas! Lesson we will start to introduce more vocabulary and help you remember |. Are followed by a different case you ’, ‘ with him ’ it the meaning of ‘ in.... Good idea to also practice saying them with the following article with when. Sentences, it will help you remember to think about it is said as мы. Is something to keep in mind to time her husband are going to the cafe your by... Adjective, pronoun, numeral and verb point is how they change in the Russian:... N'T need to learn grammar more naturally by looking at sample Russian sentences and texts from partner... Consists of 5 rules to help you remember in English, words “ with ” or “ together with to... Tip of the cases ( including the so-called adverbial and verbal prepositions ) special... Adding New lessons from time to time cases for A1 and A2 level students pronoun, numeral verb. Мужем идём в кафе - My husband and I ” are 186 Russian possessive pronouns Russian genitive.. Both of these prepositions are used in time expressions as well balcony.. And Ivan are going to the cafe, the third person possessives are formally invariable identical! You mastered the Cyrillic alphabet, move on to the audio track and all. Of them activity has links to grammar tables “ мы с Иваном ” ( “ we, with ”! This case shows which instrument is used to indicate the means by which something is done 'He. Я люблю блинчики с икрой - I love pancakes with caviar икрой - eat. Available here пожалуйста, кофе с молоком - Please give me coffee milk.