They are hardy, drought-tolerant, and long-blooming, and they are being cultivated in an ever-widening range of colors. Leaves are mostly alternate, sometimes opposite, 3 to 6 inches long, 1 to 3 inches wide, lance-like, broader at the base, tapering to a point, stalked, becoming smaller and stalkless as they ascend the stem. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, sun; moist rich prairie, fields, woodland edges. Never had aster yellows on the plants but commonly have had problems with mite infections which look like aster-yellows in the way they deform the flower heads (called Fasciation). Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. The plant also provides a tall background or repeating rows of large (often 6 inches across) purple, daisy-like flowers. Purple Coneflower Echinacea purpurea Aster family (Asteraceae) Description: This is a perennial plant up to 3½' tall that branches occasionally. Stems are mostly unbranched, typically brownish green. Leaves: Basal and cauline; alternate; petiole present on basal and lower cauline leaves, absent on upper cauline leaves; blade ovate to narrowly lanceolate, 2 to 12 inches long, .4 to 4.8 inches wide, base rounded to cordate, margins usually coarsely serrate to dentate, rarely entire, surfaces usually hirsute, sometimes glabrous. This is usually called purple coneflower. Flowers are single on end of stout stem, with 15-20 rich pink to purplish rays (petals), each 1½ to 3 inches long and ¼ to ¾ inch wide, with 3 notched teeth at the tip. Coneflower plants may actually display pink flowers, when the cultivar Echinacea purpurea ‘Pink Double Delight’ is planted. Thanks for your understanding. Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench – eastern purple coneflower, purple coneflower : References Expert(s): Expert: Lowell E. Urbatsch : Notes: Professor of Biological Sciences and Director LSU Herbarium, Biological Sciences Department, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge LA 70803, USA : … Eastern Purple Coneflower, Purple Coneflower, Black Samson, Hedgehog Coneflower, Purple Coneflower, Purple Daisy, Snakeroot, Kansas Snakeroot, Scurvy Root, Indian Head, Comb Flower, Black Susans, Echinacée Pourpre (French), Roter Scheinsonnenhut (German), Echinacija Purpurovaja (Transliterated Russian), Röd Rudbeckia (Swedish) Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. It may grow 3 to 4 feet tall and produce pinkish-purple flowers that mature in early summer through mid-fall. A native to the eastern United States, purple coneflowers are found in many flower gardens. Planting purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) in the garden or flower bed draws bees and butterflies, ensuring that nearby plants have plenty of pollinators. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. The petals may be pink or white in some rare instances. A native to the eastern United States, purple coneflowers are found in many flower gardens. Purple-flowered perennials of the genus Echinacea, especially E. angustifolia and E. purpurea, often are cultivated as border plants. The sturdy stalks, which may reach 5 feet in height, rarely bend or require staking for an upright appearance. Pick an image for a larger view. Eastern Purple Coneflowers blooming in Talbot Co., Maryland (7/14/2013). Coneflower, any of three genera of weedy plants in the family Asteraceae, all native to North America. Purple coneflower plants may be started from seed or root division: Growing purple coneflower from seeds is easy enough for the beginning gardener, while long-time gardeners delight in the ease of how to care for coneflowers. Eastern Purple Coneflower 845912. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family It was used as a painkiller and for a variety of ailments, including toothache, coughs, colds, sore throats, and snake bite (Kindscher 1992). Plant Search > Eastern Purple Coneflower Eastern Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) About Eastern Purple Coneflower. Eastern purple coneflower is an erect, long lived, perennial herb that grows one to three feet in height, and produces a woody rhizome. The genus Echinacea in the Asteraceae family comprises nine species of flowering plants. Eastern Purple Coneflower is not native to Minnesota, but is common in roadside plantings, both urban and rural, as well as increasingly a garden escapee. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Once planted and established, learning how to care for coneflowers is easy. Its flowers are similar to our native Echinacea angustifolia (Narrow-leaved Purple Coneflower), which has mostly basal leaves that are long and narrow. Affected plants should be pulled and can be left in the garden as they pose no risk to healthy plants after uprooting. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Purple coneflower is a perennial plant that is native to midwestern and southeastern United States. Rich or heavily amended soil may result in lush foliage and poor flowering. Does self seed on open ground and is loved by seed eating birds in winter. In the center is a large orange-brown disk, round to conical in shape, covered in tiny disk flowers with yellow pollen. A native of eastern moist to mesic prairie, Eastern Purple Coneflower is the species typically found in the nursery trade and many colored variants are becoming more common. Purple coneflowers are quintessential prairie plants. Purple coneflowers (Echinacea purpurea) are one of ten species of Echinacea, a native family of flowering perennial plants. Photos by Peter M. Dziuk taken in Winona County and in private garden in Anoka County. Unlike its cousins which are native to the prairies and dryer regions of the US, purple coneflowers are native to the moister eastern woodlands. Your Name: It has a very distinctive flower with reddish-purple petals. With a primarily Southeastern and Midwestern distribution in the United States, eastern purple coneflower's range does not include New England. Echinacea purpurea - Eastern Purple Coneflower, Purple Coneflower. Echinacea purpuea is one of the great butterfly magnets of the native perennial garden. Coneflower care is as simple as that and the plants will reward you with abundant flowering each and every year thereafter. These plants can survive up to 5 to 6 years in the wild. Purple coneflowers (Echinacea purpurea) are grown both for their lovely flowers and for their usefulness as the source of medicinal echinacea. Coneflowers are a type of echinacea, a native eastern … Herbs are broad-leaved, herbaceous (non-woody) plant. Eastern Purple Coneflower Echinacea is one of our personal favorites! Eastern Purple Coneflower is a Herb. This rejuvenates the plant and often produces a new display of beautiful blooms that last until frost. Eastern coneflower is a native perennial flower that grows naturally along waterways of the Great Plains. In more southern areas, morning sun may facilitate the best performance, with late afternoon shade protecting the plants from burning. Sign up for our newsletter. Herbaceous plants are also known as forbs or wildflowers . Stems and leaves are smooth or hairy to varying degrees. Planting purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) in the garden or flower bed draws bees and butterflies, ensuring that nearby plants have plenty of pollinators. Rays grow out and up, curving down with maturity. Its flowers are similar to our native Echinacea angustifolia (Narrow-leaved Purple Coneflower), which has mostly basal leaves that are long and narrow. When late summer blooms of the purple coneflower begin to look tired or ragged, cut the plant back by a third. They are escapes from cultivated plants in a flower garden and are slowly spreading with about two dozen plants this year. It's hard to find a garden without at least one variety. Echinacea Purpurea or eastern purple coneflower in the garden with purple flowers and lot of insects like bees and butterflies. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. It can make for thick showy stands in the garden but is subject to aster yellows, a phytoplasma spread by leafhoppers that affects a large number of herbaceous species and causes stunting and yellowing of the foliage and blasting of the flower heads. Once established, water one time per week. Some species in each genus have reflexed ray flowers. Echinacea purpurea, commonly called purple coneflower, is a coarse, rough-hairy, herbaceous perennial that is native to moist prairies, meadows and open woods of the central to southeastern United States (Ohio to Michigan to Iowa south to Louisiana and Georgia).It typically grows to 2-4' tall. The purple coneflower plant has a hairy and robust stem that can grow anywhere from 2 feet to 4 feet in height. See the glossary for icon descriptions. This nonnative species is loved by deer and woodchucks which eat them right to the soil line. In seasons with normal rainfall, additional watering is not necessary. This species, Echinacea purpurea, is found in more of … Echinacea, Eastern Purple Coneflower 'Magnus' Echinacea purpurea: Bucyrus, oh 1 miles: Oxalis Species, Upright Yellow Woodsorrel, Yellow Wood Sorrel Oxalis stricta: Bucyrus, oh 1 miles: Alcea, Common Hollyhock, Garden Hollyhock 'Summer Carnival Mix' Alcea rosea: Bucyrus, oh 1 miles: Hybrid Tea Rose 'Chicago Peace' Rosa : Bucyrus, oh 1 miles Coneflowers are easy to grow in average to dry, well drained soils. There are nine species of Echinacea found in the United State, with every state except for our 9 western-most states having at least one species. Recommended Uses: Works well in almost any garden with mixed wildflower species. The alternate or opposite leaves are up to 6" long and 3" across, becoming smaller as they ascend the stems. Noteworthy Characteristics. eaSterN PurPle CoNeflower Echinacea purpurea Growth habit: up to 3 feet tall, some greater than 4 feet FoliaGe: dark green with coarse, serrated margins, up to 8 inches Flowers: large and daisy-like, light pink to deep magenta, bright orange centers; many white-flowered, double The leaves have a few teeth and hairy on both sides, lanceolate in shape, with pointed tips. … It has broad, dark green, fuzzy leaves with a sturdy upright flower stalk. 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It is, however, popular as a native garden plant and medicinal herb, and is likely to escape occasionally from cultivation. Eastern Purple Coneflower Echinacea purpurea . There may be some dead, brown leaves at … Macro photography of Echinacea purpurea, eastern purple coneflower or also hedgehog coneflower captured together with a hoverfly. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Full sun is defined as at least six hours of sun each day. Its cone-shaped flowering heads are usually, but not always purple. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. Purple Coneflower is an herbaceous perennial in the aster family that is native to central and eastern USA. Coneflower care may include limited fertilization, but this is often not needed. Where in Minnesota? Leaves have serrated edges and 3 or 5 distinct veins along the length. Your email address: (required) The following write-up provides information on this flowering plant. Many cultivars are available for varied sizes and colors. Tough, easy, adaptable, and long-blooming, this is a … Plant coneflower in hot, sunny spots and watch it thrive; once established, it tolerates drought well. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Several pollinators are attracted to the flower, especially butterflies. Echinacea purpurea, Eastern Purple Coneflower is available at Toadshade Wildflower Farm, a mail order nursery in Frenchtown, NJ, that specializes in native perennial wildflower plants and seeds. Water plants often the first year. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. The brown cone-shaped centers are surrounded by purple rays (petals) that are usually drooping. Other Names: Eastern Purple Coneflower Description: This elegant echinacea produces large purple flowers with coppery centers; a perfect choice for planting in groups, along border edges, or in containers; great for flower arrangements, attracts pollinators Browse 5,640 eastern purple coneflower stock photos and images available, or search for purple forbidden city or narrow leaved purple coneflowers to find more great stock photos and pictures. Several plants have established themselves in an old field and along a driveway. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Make the pruning cut on the flower stem just above the lowest green leaf. Photo by Kimberly Booth. Form: Flower: Life Span: Short-lived perennial: Flower Color: Pink,purple: Fruit Color: NA: Phenology: Winter dormant: Noted for: Showy flowers: Landscaping. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Flowers with large orange gold spiky centers and strong reflexed rose pink petals appear in … No-fuss coneflowers are perfect for garden and landscape beds and borders, especially mass plantings and meadow-style gardens. * Echinacea purpurea (Eastern purple coneflower or Purple coneflower) is a species of flowering plant in the genus Echinacea. It is also known as eastern purple coneflower, hedgehog coneflower, snakeroot, Kansas snakeroot, scurvy root, echinacea, Indian head, and narrow-leaved purple coneflower. Purple coneflower plants are drought resistant and often thrive in dry summers. Eastern Purple Coneflower is not native to Minnesota, but is common in roadside plantings, both urban and rural, as well as increasingly a garden escapee. Eastern Purple Coneflower Asteraceae (Compositae) Plant Specifics. Photo by Jim Brighton. The light green stems have small purple streaks and scattered white hairs. When planting purple coneflower, locate them in a full sun area. The long-lasting flowers are fairly large and daisy-shaped. Stems: Usually branched, usually hirsute, sometimes glabrous. Ethnobotanic: Purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) was and still is a widely used medicinal plant of the Plains Indians. Purple coneflower plants grow best in poor or lean soil. Eastern Purple Coneflower in Prince George's Co., Maryland (6/27/2014). It is native to eastern North America and present to some extent in the wild in much of the eastern, southeastern and midwest United States. If flowers are small or poorly developed, try working in a small amount of well composted material in the soil around the plants. Eastern Purple Coneflower is an introduced (native in some areas of North America - see below) erect perennial forb growing 2 to 5 feet in height on stems that usually do not branch and are green to brownish-green with some purple streaks and a few hair. 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