This tree has interesting reddish brown bark that is broken into narrow strips that are loose at both ends. 0000001991 00000 n Hophornbeam has a lovely yellow fall color, and the small nutlets, which ripen in summer and fall, are used by birds and mammals during the winter. 0000010134 00000 n Please see our copyright statement. 0000045506 00000 n The buds and nuts are eaten by a wide variety of … The hoplike fruit is 1 to 2 inches (2.5-5 cm) long and borne on short, slender stems. Fall color is yellow. American hophornbeam, which loves hilly areas, has papery capsules containing nuts that are eaten by a variety of wildlife including grouse, bobwhite, deer, pheasant, rabbit and turkey. Typically grows 25-40' tall with a slightly smaller spread. Gray brown bark and trunk are ornamentally attractive, forming long vertical shredding strips. The tree's look is enhanced by its crooked trunk and pendulous, zig-zagging branches, which help attract wildlife. Identifying Hop Hornbeam. 0000004300 00000 n April 2015. Expand. The fruits of the Hophornbeam tree (Ostrya virginiana), also known as Ironwood for its strong, hard wood, are drooping clusters of papery, bladder-like sacs each containing a nutlet.The “hop” portion of its name refers to the resemblance of these fruits to those of true hops that are used in the production of beer. Fall color is yellow. 0000012388 00000 n American Hophornbeam. American hophornbeam is a small deciduous understory tree growing to 18 m (59 ft) tall and 20–50 centimetres (8–20 in) trunk diameter. Hophornbeam is especially common in rocky woods and in areas with basic bedrock. American Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) A handsome, smaller tree that is a Midwestern native. The name hornbeam refers to the genuine strength of its wood — it is one of the hardest and strongest woods in North America. 0000004076 00000 n American Hop-Hornbeam . Blue beech’s official name is American hornbeam without the “hop.” Its bark looks very different: smooth, blue-gray and muscular. Hop hornbeam gets its name from its fruits, which are enclosed in scales that loosely resemble the hops used in making beer (Humulus lupulus). 0000004041 00000 n 74 0 obj <>stream Hophornbeam is especially common in rocky woods and in areas with basic bedrock. The smooth, gray, muscular-looking bark of American hornbeam is attractive year-round. American Hophornbeam is a deciduous understory tree with a generally rounded crown. A native tree with striking bark, it can be used in a naturalistic garden. 0000003237 00000 n Also known as 'Ironwood',… Features birch-like, oval to lance-shaped, sharply-serrated, dark yellowish-green leaves (to 5 inches long). endstream endobj 32 0 obj <> endobj 33 0 obj <> endobj 34 0 obj <>stream American Hophornbeam Fruiting. 0000021867 00000 n The American Hophornbeam tree looks smaller because it doesn't have as many leaves. The bark and inner wood was used to treat toothache, sore muscles, coughs, and many other ailments by American Indians. Buds light red-brown, mostly lacking hairs; twigs red-brown, smooth; inner bark uniform. American Hophornbeam is a small to medium-sized native shade tree with flaking bark that blends perfectly with the medium-green foliage. %%EOF Medium to dark green leaves with doubly serrate leaf margins and a … Bark and structure make a nice addition to the winter landscape. The Division of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohio’s private and public forest lands. Middle-aged American Hophornbeam. Get the latest updates on new products and upcoming sales. New leaves emerge reddish-purple, changing to dark green, then turn yellow to orange-red in the fall, offering a kaleidoscope of color throughout the year. (26) American Hophornbeam: 16. A small, slow-growing tree, found in pockets along rivers in eastern North Dakota. Habitat. American Hophornbeam is a small to medium-sized native shade tree with flaking bark that blends perfectly with the medium-green foliage. April 2015 The bark has not changed. T�0��i��*�*�b!�I�P�V� ;IX 0000004189 00000 n American Hophornbeam1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION This shade-tolerant tree slowly grows to 50 feet in height with a 25 to 30-foot spread but is often 25 to 40 feet tall, forming an oval or round canopy (Fig. In spring, yellow green, male and female slim, cylindrical flowers mature in clusters of 3. a small to medium-sized tree; reaches 30' to 50' tall; overall shape is ovate to pyramidal when young ; older trees are rounded; branching is upright and spreading; old trees exhibit more irregular branching; Summer Foliage. 0000007793 00000 n 0000045157 00000 n Deciduous tree, 25-40 ft (8-12 m) tall, horizontal or drooping branches, rounded outline, pyramidal in youth. American Hophornbeam is a deciduous understory tree with a generally rounded crown. American Hophornbeam is a small to medium-sized native shade tree with flaking bark that blends perfectly with the medium-green foliage. The bark is another feature used to distinguish between these two birches. Both trees are commonly called ironwood . 0000010724 00000 n -�Eq�ȣL MZȢ��{��(�"_]��B ���\qM��n��l��z��=���z�.�V��c�4�M[?�>U��Rxw=zچCg��foi��m8ڛ����f�K��I�`'v����AOU�\��fc�nۤ�v�ޥ�_���W���S��]�羪5Vᨦ��gi���,�����l���PVє9�'���r69-�sr��g�y�رޡޱޡޱޡ�9�Y����s�� /���HNM��8�nB7���M�&� April 2015 There are new leaves and they are smaller. startxref 0000030822 00000 n Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, texture, and color Alternate, simple deciduous leaves, 2 to 5 inches long and 1 to 3 inches wide. Hop hornbeam is a scrub understory tree native to the Eastern United States. <<27E020E6D108B74B9B459600E41EAEF8>]/Prev 562271>> This small, short-lived tree is common in the understorey of rich, moist woods. Bark and structure make a nice addition to the winter landscape. The American hornbeam is a native forest understory tree in the Chicago area, making it useful for shady landscapes and naturalized or woodland gardens. 0000084686 00000 n Leaves - alternate, simple ovate, 3 to 5 inches long, doubly and finely serrate on margin. Typically grows 25-40 ft tall with a slightly smaller spread. It is used for fence posts, fuel, and tool handles. Chartreuse colored, birch like leaves persist through the summer until autumn where they turn a yellow-brown and abscise. Type: Broadleaf. Bracts - in clusters 1 to 2 inches long, resembling hops, hence the name "hophornbeam." 0000018505 00000 n Ostrya virginiana, commonly called American hop hornbeam, is a deciduous, Missouri native tree which usually occurs in dry soils on rocky slopes, upland woods and bluffs throughout the State. As nouns the difference between hornbeam and hophornbeam is that hornbeam is a tree of the genus carpinus , having a smooth gray bark and a ridged trunk, the wood being white and very hard, common along the banks of streams in the united states while hophornbeam is any species of the genus ostrya , with exceptionally dense wood. 1). Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. Hardy Rubber Tree. American hornbeam is also called musclewood because of the sinewy appearance of its smooth gray bark. The bark is smooth and reddish brown with horizontal lenticels in young trees. 0000498026 00000 n 0000002699 00000 n 0000009486 00000 n The wood and bark are medicinal. Phonetic Spelling OSS-tree-uh vir-jin-ee-AN-uh Description. (19) Slippery Elm: 17. Bark thin, reddish gray, with narrow, platelike, tight scales; some trees with loose, shreddy scales. H�\�݊�@F�}�����Z]5 d������} ����Q1�"o����l�xZ��T�e�;�];������0�s�5c�����.m�d�k�zZV�}��$����m Leaves resemble elm but this tree is a member of the Birch family. Hophornbeam is a fairly common understory tree, similar to the related American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) but with rough bark and hop-like fruiting clusters.. Jones Co., NC 7/18/2008. Flowers in April–May, before the leaves, on male and female catkins and on the same twig. The Eastern Hophornbeam grows well in a variety of soils --- wet, dry, in between --- and often is found beneath other, taller trees in hardwood forests. The tree puts out insignificant catkins in early spring followed by attractive seed pods that resemble hops. 0000322747 00000 n According tot he book Native American Ethnobotany, teas or infusions made with the bark can be used topically for aches and pains, including full body baths to treat sore muscles or arthritis, and as a mouthwash for toothache. 0000015856 00000 n h�b```b``3a`c``�ef@ aV�(����c� ��/c� 0 Pronunciation: OS-tri-a ver-jin-e-A-na. %PDF-1.7 %���� Very young twigs are sparsely fuzzy to thickly hairy; the hairs (trichomes) drop off by the next year. 19 56 0000006343 00000 n trailer H�\��j�0E�� Bark and structure make a nice addition to the winter landscape. 0000013308 00000 n September 2014. American hornbeam is a tall shrub or small tree, to 35 feet tall, with pendulous branches and a gray trunk that is fluted into musclelike ridges. The American hop hornbeam is often confused with the American hornbeam. Leaves turn an undistinguished yellow in … 0000011169 00000 n The objective of this research was to reduce the precise germination requirements of seed propagation as well as developing clonal propagation methods for commercial production. 19 0 obj <> endobj 0000005130 00000 n Other: Attractive seeds and bark American hophornbeam, or ironwood, is a hardy native tree that is beloved for its reliability, seasons of interest, and adaptability. 0000001416 00000 n Fruit - a small, seed-like nutlet, enclosed in an inflated, sac-like bract. eastern United States; zone 4; naturally occurs as an understory tree in dry woodlands; Habit and Form. http://www.aaronsfarm.com/American-Hophornbeam-p/american-hophornbeam-tree.htm 0000043481 00000 n It is found throughout Ohio. Features birch-like, oval to lance-shaped, sharply-serrated, dark yellowish-green leaves (to 5 inches long). 0000047481 00000 n In fall, the American hornbeam displays leaves of various colors, ranging from yellow to scarlet to reddish-purple. 0000002538 00000 n Typically grows 25-40 ft tall with a slightly smaller spread. The grayish brown exfoliating bark is attractive in the winter months. �Cwt��x�6���m�SxN��cƶ���߻�K��a������m6� ��k5|����s�ˡ�����c>������uF��o�m��0V�%$�*�6�|��M����ʰӹ�S�I�}��V�˱��k��vq���u. O���S�)�{�=xM^��/����z��ţOOOOOOOOOOOOO���nW�&���S}�1��8��azڠ��w�M)��[� �Z� American hornbeam has hard, spherical fruit hanging under leaf-like, 3-lobed bracts. 0000102771 00000 n Both are understory trees and can grow in shade to partial-shade, share a similar leaf shape, are known for having very hard wood, distinctive bark, showy catkins, and yellow-to … 0000005220 00000 n It is a graceful, pyramidal tree in youth, becoming more rounded with age. 0000008286 00000 n Buds dark, chestnut-brown, with long rusty hairs at tip; twigs light gray, hairy, mucilaginous when chewed; inner bark of trunk with alternating white and dark layers. The thin, gray bark forms narrow, platelike scales [34,36,44]. Genus: Ostrya. Ostrya virginiana American hophornbeam The bark is grayish brown and slightly exfoliating in narrow longitudinal strips creating a shaggy appearance. Ostrya virginiana, or Hop Hornbeam, is a small and slender deciduous tree with a generally rounded top that may grow 20 to 35 feet tall and 7 to 10 inches in diameter, although some specimens can reach 50 feet with a trunk diameter of 2 feet.It is naturally found in dry, rocky forests. Ironwood is also an understory tree that will grow in part shade, is virtually disease and insect resistant, and tolerates a wide range of growing conditions, including: drought and clay tolerant, deer resistant and is great on hillsides or rocky slopes. 0000038154 00000 n Finches, ruffed grouse and wild turkeys eat American hornbeam nutlets. The rough bark of this species is distinctly different from the smooth gray bark of Carpinus species. 0000000016 00000 n �¬�Yz 0000046839 00000 n RAUNKIAER LIFE FORM : Phanerophyte REGENERATION PROCESSES : Seed production and dissemination: Hophornbeam can easily be propagated from seed [19,32]. Leaves turn an undistinguished yellow in … The ring around the tree is still there. As the tree ages, the bark develops small plates and loose scales. O�,�H-�]����mp��=�'�2��LjM�z�U���œ�*��T\\\2::`z���+ \FA���]@���Q��M�� Height: 25-40ftSpread: 20-30ftZone: 3-9Exposure: Full sun to part shadeGrowth Rate: SlowBloom Time/Color: N/AFall Color: Yellow-brownUses: Specimen, shade tree, street treeMaintenance: LowTree Shape: Round/pyramidalOther: Attractive seeds and bark. Scales difficult to remove when rubbed (elms). 0000014891 00000 n The wood of hop hornbeam is hard and durable. Ironwood or American Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) General Description Also known as American Hop-hornbeam. 0000001819 00000 n The American Hornbeam grows in moist to wet soils and commonly occurs in swamps, along streams, and in wet bottomlands. 0000015450 00000 n Fall color is yellow. Be sure to come in the summer to admire its attractive yellow-green color and festive white flowers. This earned it the nickname “musclewood.” Click here to see blue beech bark. ,"� ��T˸���!�AR�A�!�A�A��G�J�\[�N3�2���0y2�>��6�����AB�� c CM�ZGc,Ck��M^N昃� E:"��XXe�D�\bx�x���[3����1�}C�����y8�l�43��( The Eastern Ironwood, known also as the American Hophornbeam, Eastern Hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood, or Leverwood, stretches over much of the Eastern United States with its attractive foliage and bell-like inflorescences. This tree grows throughout the eastern United States, westward to eastern Texas and Oklahoma, and in southeastern Canada. Twigs usually slightly zigzag, hairy toward the tip, reddish brown to dark brown, pores small, not obvious. Ironwood or American Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) General Description Also known as American Hop-hornbeam. The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America. endstream endobj 20 0 obj <>>>/Metadata 17 0 R/Outlines 12 0 R/Pages 16 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 21 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/W/Thumb 13 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 22 0 obj [23 0 R] endobj 23 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[282.934 130.66 359.815 120.443]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 24 0 obj <> endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj [/ICCBased 55 0 R] endobj 28 0 obj <> endobj 29 0 obj <> endobj 30 0 obj <> endobj 31 0 obj <>stream Hophornbeam is a fairly common understory tree, similar to the related American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) but with rough bark and hop-like fruiting clusters.. Jones Co., NC 7/18/2008. A small to medium-sized, understory tree with a generally rounded crown. 17. 0000011894 00000 n 0000025335 00000 n The tree puts out insignificant catkins in early spring followed by attractive seed pods that resemble hops. All information on this site is copyright protected. Though they can grow to 2.5 feet in diameter and as much as 50 feet tall, hornbeam seldom reach more than 30 feet, and it’s rare to find a tree over a foot in diameter. 17. 0000004660 00000 n American Hophornbeam is a small to medium-sized native shade tree with flaking bark that blends perfectly with the medium-green foliage. 0000012785 00000 n Since hophornbeam is in the birch family, its twigs look very “birch-y” … It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. 0000044859 00000 n A small, slow-growing tree, found in pockets along rivers in eastern North Dakota. Fall color is yellow. 0000007053 00000 n Bark is an attractive orange or grayish brown peeling off in longitudinal strips. The combination of trunk and bark should separate this tree from the American Hornbeam, with which it has shared an unusual history of confusion in common names. Each tree has at some time been called by the common name of the other. Also known as the ironwood due to its hard wood, the American hophornbeam is a smaller species that is found in forest understories throughout the Midwest. 0000101586 00000 n 0000014517 00000 n 0000047132 00000 n Fruit usually falls before winter. April 2015 It has worm-like seeds and the are soft. 0000003615 00000 n 0000008382 00000 n 0000002563 00000 n 0000008876 00000 n Leaves resemble elm but this tree is a member of the Birch family. The largest tree in North Dakota is 33 feet tall with a canopy spread of 34 feet. American hophornbeam, or ironwood, is a hardy native tree that is beloved for its reliability, seasons of interest, and adaptability. 0000011569 00000 n Low quantity, please contact us for current availability. Eastern hophornbeam has loose strips of reddish brown to gray creating a rough, "clawed" bark. 0000084649 00000 n American hornbeam, which is native to Illinois' woodlands, attains heights of 25 to 40 feet when mature. Yellow-green fruit of the Hophornbeam is very interesting and gave the tree it's name. 0000005730 00000 n The bark is brown to gray-brown, with narrow shaggy plates flaking off, while younger twigs and branches are smoother and gray, with small lenticels. xref (18) American Elm: 15. 0000013947 00000 n 0000012304 00000 n American Hophornbeam, Ironwood Betulaceae. Although these trees have a spot in our Arboretum, they can be awfully invasive in their natural habitat and are often removed in traditional forest management. Bark and structure make a nice addition to the winter landscape. Family: Betulaceae. American Hophornbeam is seed propagated (sexual), with no clonal propagation (asexual) reported within the species. The small tree produces a small, ribbed nutlet.